Broadly described modernism is the principles of the enlightenment as a scientific, technological, cultural and political paradigm of social organization. The enlightenment was secular and humanistic, organized on the basis of equality, empiricism and with reason as the guiding mechanism to discover and describe natural truths. Best and Kellner describe
three forces of traditionalist anti-modernism; these are conservatism, romanticism and existentialism.
Edmund Burke is the best noted of the anti-enlightenment writers who challenged the notions of equality, secularism and reason. Burke defended the institutions of nationalism and localism, disputing universalist rights; in addition the monarchy, nobility and church were all defended as worthwhile institutions that safeguarded against historical regression.
The main issue conservatism faces is that it historically has been on the wrong side of every political and social issue; at best it is a go slow philosophy, at worst it is a political philosophy dedicated to historical regression.
The enlightenment has been a massive driving force for human achievement; empirically the principles of the enlightenment have advanced and propelled humanity to heights un-thought of during the renaissance.
The romantics rejected empiricism and secularism of the enlightenment along with the 'mechanical worldview of science'. Romanticism sought out the natural human spirit through a repudiation of reason and scientific reductionism - especially of nature. Consequently the 'divine self' was sought through emotion and irrationalism, rather than reason. It was most effective in output in the arts, however, as always in the modern world, the gadgetry and sophisticated output of science and technology discredits it as a method for political, social and economic organization.
The third traditionalist anti-modern force that Best and Kellner identify is the existentialists:
Like the romantics, the 19th and 20th century thinkers associated with existentialism affirmed passion, instinct, and spontaneity over reason, logic and deliberation.
Existentialism revolted against mass society and took, in many instances, positions against equality, democracy and human social advancement. Best and Kellner identify the similarity between these three anti-mondernist forces as 'each camp attacks reason as a largely repressive or regressive force' which they note, places may postmodernists in agreement with these three movements.
Phoenix Eats Out
is the restaurant review site for Phoenix
and Old Town Scottsdale
which lists the modernist and contemporary restaurants, taverns and bars in the greater Phoenix area.
This is the list of the most popular restaurants pages from phoenixeatsout.com that have been viewed the most;
My personal favourite restaurants in Phoenix are AZ88
, Humble Pie
, Orange Table
, The Vig
and others coming close behind. View the complete list with the photo-journalistic style images on phoenixeatsout.com
Arizona is an outdoor state and has lots of hiking in the city and around the state. Phoenix is unusual for most cities in having several large mountains in the center of the city with great hiking. Anyone who comes to Phoenix has to do the Echo Canyon trail on Camelback
and the Summit Hike on Squaw Peak
or Piesta Peak. The views of the city, suburbs and surrounding mountains are wonderful from Camelback and Piesta Peak.
For more experienced hikers there is the McDowell Mountains in North Scottsdale that has several difficult and strenuous hikes in Tom's Thumb
and Bell Pass
. Alternatively, you can hike the highest mountain in Arizona. At 12,600 feet Humphrey's Peak
is a long and difficult hike.
Between 2004 and 2009 this site, southsearepublic.org
, was a constitutional blog based on scoop which focused on Australian and global constitutional issues.
One of the strongest aspects of it was the development of constitutions by those involved in the blog. These constitutions are the outcome:
The constitutions were built using principles from Montesquieu's separation of powers, the enlightnment's universal political rights and the ancient Athenian technology of sortition and choice by lot.
South Sea Republic started in 2004 as an Australian constitutional blog in 2004 based on scoop software. It was an immigrative outgrowth of Kuro5hin. The archives for each year since then;
The articles are ordered by views.
I am an Australian living in the United States as a permanent resident.
I am a software developer by trade and mostly work in Java and jump between middleware and front end.
I originally worked in the New York area of the United States in telecommunications before moving to Washington DC and
working in a mix of telecommunications, energy and ITS. I started my own software company before heading out to
Arizona and working with Shutterfly. Since then I have joined a startup in the Phoenix area and am thoroughly enjoying myself.
I do a lot of photography which I post on this website, but also on flickr. I have a photo-journalistic website which lists
the modernist and contemporary restaurants in phoenix. I have a site on the Australian Flying Corps [AFC]
which has been around since the 1990s and which I unfortunately
lost the .org URL to during a life event; however, it is under the www.australianflyingcorps.com
The AFC website has gone through several iterations since the 90s and the two most recent are Australian Flying Corps Archives(2004-2002)
Australian Flying Corps Archives(2002-1999)
which are good places to start.